The situation of increasing pollution level in Vietnam is causing thousands of lives of people in Vietnam, affecting the quality of life and the future growth of the country.
According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, air pollution caused more than 60,000 deaths in Viet Nam in 2016 from heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pneumonia. The WHO's ambient air quality database currently includes over 4,300 cities in 108 countries, including Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, making it the world's most comprehensive database on ambient air pollution. The database contains yearly mean concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5). PM2.5 contains pollutants such as sulphate, nitrates, and black carbon, which are the most hazardous to human health. The World Health Organization recommends that nations limit their air pollution to annual mean levels of 20 g/m3 for PM10 and 10 g/m3 for PM2.5, and nations should limit thei air pollution to annual mean levels of 20 g/m3 for PM10 and 10 g/m3 for PM2.5.
In another report by Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAPH), according to 2017 data, Vietnam had 71,365 deaths from pollution, with a mortality rate of 75/100,000, ranking 103 out of 187 countries, in which, the number of deaths due to air pollution is more than 50,000 people.
In addition, Ho Chi Minh City has more than 7.3 million motorbikes and this is the main source of emissions of pollutants NO2, CO, SO2, NMVOC, CH4, especially fine dust PM2.5 emitted from this vehicle, accounting for 79.9% of fine dust caused by traffic activities. Statistics show that every year in Ho Chi Minh City, nearly 1,400 people die from air pollutants. Also, in 2019 alone, nearly 3,000 people in the capital died prematurely due to exposure to PM2.5 dust
More seriously, Chairman of the HCM City Association of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology mentioned that the most worrying thing is that the annual concentration of PM2.5 in HCMC accounts for 23μg, nearly four times higher than the WHO standard. For every 10mg/m3 of PM2.5 increase in the air, there will be 56 more cases of lung cancer, 64 more cases of respiratory system cancer and a 3.5% increase in the risk of children under 5 years old in HCMC having to be hospitalised.
According to statistics from the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, in Vietnam, an average of 9,000 people die each year because of polluted water, and over 200,000 cases of cancer are detected.
source: the Internet