Hanoi: 3 more waste incineration plants operating in 2023
The new waste incineration plants in 2023 are expected to significantly reduce the pressure of treating domestic waste in the city.
For the two large landfills of the city, the huge amount of garbage congestion and lack of landfill space in recent years has been liberated by Thien Y Waste Incineration Plant, which went into operation in phase 2. Ms. Nguyen Thi Hong Van - General Market Development Director in Southeast Asia, Thien Y Energy Environment Joint Stock Company said that up to now, the factory has operated 3 incinerators with a capacity of burning nearly 3,000 tons of waste per day. It is expected that in 2023, the plant will operate at full capacity with 5 incinerators, with a capacity of 4,000 tons of waste per day, equivalent to about 50-60% of the waste generated in the city. On average per day people in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City generates 1kg of domestic waste or even more, while people in rural areas are only 0.4-0.5 kg/person/day, even in some localities only 0.2 kg/person/day.
Thus, there is still a large amount of waste generated daily (total waste volume is about 7,000 tons/day) which still has to be treated according to outdated burial methods. Therefore, Hanoi needs to speed up the progress of the Sepharin Waste Treatment Plant in Xuan Son Waste Treatment Area, or the Nui Thoong Power Generation Waste Treatment Plant project (Chuong My District), etc. to increase the efficiency of waste treatment in the capital. Meanwhile, the construction site at the Seraphin garbage power plant (Xuan Son landfill) is progressing ahead of schedule on many items. The representative of the investor informed that Xuan Son landfill is going to be responsible for the west from the west of Hanoi, where currently the reserve is overloaded, so the construction of the factory is very urgent. Up to this point, many equipment items have been installed for more than 70% of the plan, and the plant is expected to burn waste to generate electricity by the end of 2023.
In the future, on the basis of completing the solid waste treatment plan, Hanoi city will continue to implement waste treatment plant projects in Chau Can (Phu Xuyen district), Lai Thuong (Thach That district), Thoong Mountain (Chuong My District) and Phu Dong (Gia Lam District), to replace waste treatment by landfilling.
A representative of Gia Lam Environment Joint Stock Company (the unit in charge of environmental sanitation in Gia Lam district) said that normally the amount of garbage generated near Tet in the district is 2-2.5 times higher than on weekdays, especially during December 22 to December 29 (lunar new year). If on weekdays this unit collects about 250 tons of garbage, during this time, the amount peaks up to 600 tons of garbage. In order to solve this problem, the unit has planned to strengthen street cleaning, and mobilise maximum Human Resources and vehicles to collect and transport waste.
The typical domestic waste in Vietnam is unclassified, especially as the garbage moisture is very high, usually at 65-70%, it causes of very low calorific value when burning garbage. Therefore, it is necessary to find suitable technologies for treatment to maximise the efficiency. Following the direction of the Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee, in 2023, the city will complete the adjustment of the solid waste treatment planning, ensuring the target of 100% of domestic waste in the area to be collected and treated, in which, the operation of the entire Soc Son garbage power plant will reach a capacity of 4,000 tons/day. In addition, the government will accelerate the investment in construction of Xuan Son waste treatment plant with a capacity of 1,500 tons/day and Dong Ke waste treatment project in Chuong My district with a capacity of 1,000 tons/day.